Joyce Long of Cherryvale believes it may have been Kansan Frank E. Bellamy, a case she makes in her new book, Be the Judge! Be the Jury! Who Wrote the Pledge of Allegiance.
See article at Pittsburg Morning Sun at www.morningsun.net. Look for Patrick's People.
(PS: Educator Joyce Long is also known as the author of several books of The Misadventures of Zortz.)